Create a server in Linode
First of all, Let's create a VM instance in Linode. It provides a lots of different types of VM instances. You can create shared VM instances, Dedicated Instances, Memory Optimised instances and GPU instances. To host a simple website, You will need a shared VM instance. If you want to learn more about Linode and How to manage servers in linode, Follow our [Linode guide](.
If you think your application uses high CPU or RAM, You can get Dedicated CPU VM or Memory Optimised VM respectively. Let's get started with the process.
Step 1: Go to Linode VM Instance Creation Form
When you log in to your Linode account, You will see "Create Linode" button on the top-right corner of the page. Click on it to go to the Linode creation form.
Step 2: Select the Distribution
We will use ServerAvatar as a server management panel. It supports Ubuntu 20.04 as well as Ubuntu 22.04. So, select any one of the supported OS.
Step 3: Select the Region
Linode has multiple data centers located in different regions worldwide. It is recommended to choose the region that is closest to your major traffic source to reduce latency and improve the performance of your applications.
Step 4: Select Linode Plan
Linode offers various plans with different configurations of CPU, RAM, and storage. Choose a plan that fits your budget and meets your application's requirements. With ServerAvatar, You can also host multiple applications on a single Linode VM Instance.
Step 5: Set Label and Select Tags
The label is a human-readable name that you can use to identify your instance. Tags are keywords that you can use to categorize and search for your instances. You can also group Linodes by Tags on the dashboard.
Step 6: Set Strong Root Password and Select SSH Key
The root password is the administrator password that you will use to access and manage your VM instance. Make sure to use a strong password that is hard to guess and includes a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters.
Next select an SSH key if you want to authenticate with SSH keys. SSH keys are a more secure way to log in to your VM instance than using passwords. If you have an SSH key, you can upload it to your Linode account and use it to log in to your VM instance.
Step 7: Select VLAN (If Required)
A VLAN is a logical network that separates traffic from different virtual machines or physical servers. It can be used to isolate network traffic and improve security.
Step 8: Select Add-ons - Backups and Private IP
Linode provides an easy way to create and store backups for your VM instances. Backups are highly recommended as they can help you with disaster recovery quickly. And in the last step, You can enable the Private IP address for your VM instance if required.
Step 9: Click on "Create Linode"
Finally, Click on "Create Linode" button at the end of the form to create a Linode VM instance. It usually takes around 2 minutes to create a new Linode instance. Once done, You can connect it with ServerAvatar for easy site and server configuration management.
Initial Server Configuration
The Initial server configuration includes installation and configuration of various packages required to host your website. Usually, You have to write commands and modify configuration files. Luckily, With ServerAvatar, Your full server configuration and optimisation can be automated.
Here are the three ways to automatically configure your server with ServerAvatar.
Connect a server using a direct method
- Login/Register to ServerAvatar account, click the Create button from the right side of the screen, and select Server from the dropdown.
- Select Direct Method in the serve connecting method section.
- Type the Server Name as per your choice.
- Select a Tech Stack as per your need. You can either select Apache, Nginx, or OpenLiteSpeed.
- Select a Database: MySQL or MariaDB.
- Enable the toggle if you want to install the latest LTS version of node.js on your server.
- Select a Management plan and click the Connect Now button.
- You’ll see the command on your screen. Login to your server using an ssh connection and execute that command as a root user.
- The server connection process will be started on your ServerAvatar account after executing the command.
Connect a server using integration
- Login/Register to your ServerAvatar account, navigate to the Integration tab from the sidebar of the panel, and access Cloud Platform from the dropdown.
- Now Select a cloud platform you want to link with ServerAvatar.
- The popup form will appear on your screen. Enter details to link your cloud provider account. The integration method is different based on the cloud provider you select.
- You can integrate five different cloud provider platforms with ServerAvatar, which is-
Check the above link of cloud platforms to know more about integrating cloud platforms with ServeAvatar.
Connect a server using commands
Step 1. Login to your server using root user
Once you create a server as per your requirements, connect to your server using an ssh connection and execute the below three commands as a root user in your server console area.
wget https://srvr.so/install chmod +x install ./install
Step 2. Select a web server
It will ask you which web server you would like to install on your server: Apache, Nginx, or OpenLiteSpeed. Type anyone that you would like to install on your server and hit the enter button.
Step 3. Claim your server
Completing the process will give you a link to claim your server.
Open the link on your browser to access the ServerAvatar server panel.
Install and Setup Drupal CMS with ServerAvatar
Step 1. Download Drupal Latest Release Zip file
Visit Drupal's official site and Download Drupal Latest release zip file. You can see the download page in the following image.
Step 2. Create a PHP Application
On the server panel, access the Application tab from the sidebar and click the Create button, as shown in the image below.
Next, fill in the required details to create an application, including the Application Name and Domain Name.
The latest version of Drupal runs on PHP version 8.1. So to change the version, check the Show Advanced Options box and change the PHP version of your application like the below image.
If you want to host Drupal CMS on your domain, then make sure to point your domain to the current IP address of your server, and for that:
Log in to your hosting provider site, where you buy your domain. You can check your domain information with one click.
Access DNS Manager to edit your DNS records(contact the support team if you don’t find them)
Change the IP address of A Record of your website to the current server’s IP address.
Click the Create Application button after filling in the required details.
Step 3. Create Drupal Database
On the server panel, Click the Database tab from the sidebar to create a MySQL database for Drupal.
ServerAvatar will create a database by filling in database details, including Database Name, Username, and Password.
Once you are done, Click the Create Database button, and ServerAvatar will create your database in seconds.
Step 4. Upload the Drupal Zip file
ServerAvatar has a built-in File Manager feature, so you won't need FTP clients to manage files.
To Upload a zip file on your application, go to the application panel of your created application in step 2 and click the File Manager tab.
Delete the index.html directory
Now access the public_html directory and delete the index.html directory to avoid forbidden errors on the site.
Upload Drupal Zip file
After deleting the file, it’s time to upload the Drupal zip file to the public_html directory. And for that, Click on the upload icon or Drag and Drop the zip file from your system.
Uncompress the Zip file
Unzip/Uncompress the uploaded Zip file in the public_html directory like the following image.
Delete the zip file after successfully uncompressed.
Move files to public directory
Click on the folder created in the public_html directory where all the files are located. Select all files, including hidden files and move them to the public_html folder.
Step 5. Install SSL Certificate
SeverAvatar allows you to install automatic SSL certificates with one click to keep users' data secure and verify your site ownership.
To install SSL on your website, click the SSL Certificates tab from the application panel.
Click the Automatic Installation button like the above image. You can also ensure Force HTTP to HTTPS to secure the communication between the browser and your website.
Step 6. Install and Setup Drupal
Open the URL of your application on the web browser. The setup page will appear like the following image.
Drupal supports more than 100 languages.
Choose the one you want for your site and click the Save and Continue button.
Select a profile from the given three installation profiles.
It would be recommended to Install the Standard profile and click the Save and continue button.
It verifies your site requirements and redirects to the next step if everything is fine.
Set up database
Enter the database credentials that we have created in step 3. It includes the database name, database user, and password.
Advanced Options include-
- Host: leave this field as it is if your database is hosted on the same server as an application
- Port Number: 3306 is recommended for MySQL/Aurora/MariaDB
- Table Name Prefix: Enter the database table name prefix as your choice
Click the Save and continue button.
It can proceed to install Drupal on your site if all the information is correct. It’ll show you the installation status like the following image.
Enter your site information, including-
- Site Name: Enter the name of your site as you want.
- Site Email Address: Automated emails related to the site, including reset password and registration details, will be sent from this email.
Site Maintenance account
Enter a Special user account information that can perform account-level tasks such as making backups and applying site updates. The account you set up has full administrative privileges.
- Username: Enter a username that is used for logging in to the Drupal Administrative interface
- Password: Enter the password for the admin login
- Email Address: Ente admin email address
Enter the regional specific information, including-
- Default Country: Select the name of your country.
- Default Time Zone: Select a time zone based on your location
Tick all the boxes under the Update Notification section to automatically check for updates and receive notifications.
Click the Save and continue button after filling in the required details.
Step 7. Drupal Admin panel
Completing all the above steps results in access to the Drupal admin panel, which looks like the following image.
That’s it. Now you can create an intuitive website or complex web application easily with a few clicks.