Create VM Instance in AWS Lightsail
To create a server in AWS Lightsail, First log in to the AWS Lightsail console. Once you are there, Follow the steps given below.
Step 1: Go to Instance Creation Form
To access the instance creation form, Go to AWS Lightsail dashboard and click on the orange button with Create Instance text. See the following image for reference.
Step 2: Select the Location of your Instance
First of all, You have to select the location for your instance. It is always better to select a location closest to your major traffic source. It will decrease the latency for majority of your website visitors.
If you want to change the location of your server, You can simply update the current region in your AWS account.
Step 3: Select the OS for your Instance
After selecting the location, Select the operating system for your instance. In this case, First click on OS Only and then select Ubuntu 20.04 as an operating system just like the following image.
Step 4: Select SSH Key and Launch Script (Optional/Advanced)
This is an optional step. Here you can set the Launch script and the main SSH key for your server. If you don't understand launch script and SSH keys, Just ignore this step.
Step 5: Select the Plan
In this step, select the size of your VM instance. AWS Lightsail provides lots of different options when it comes to plans and pricing. The plan and pricing selection completely depends on the requirements of your site(s). So, select the plan based on the complexity and traffic of your sites.
Step 6: Verify and Create the Instance
Finally, Enter the name of your instance, number of instances you want to create and assign the tags accordingly for identification. Once done, click on the Create Instance button to start the instance creation process.
It might take a few minutes to deploy the instance. Once done, follow the below given step to update the firewall rules for the VM instance.
Step 7: Update Firewall Rules
ServerAvatar requires 43210 port open. In total, You need to keep the following ports open on the instance.
- 22 (SSH): To access your server via SSH.
- 80 (HTTP): To access your sites on HTTP.
- 443 (HTTPS): To access your sites on HTTPS.
- 43210 (ServerAvatar): To allow communication between ServerAvatar and your instance.
To update the firewall rules for a specific instance, Go to the AWS Lightsail dashboard and click on the name of the instance you want to update. Then go to the Networking section and add the missing firewall rules. After updating the firewall rules, the networking section of your Instance should look like the following image.
Initial Server Configuration
The Initial server configuration includes installation and configuration of various packages required to host your website. Usually, You have to write commands and modify configuration files. Luckily, With ServerAvatar, Your full server configuration and optimisation can be automated.
Here are the three ways to automatically configure your server with ServerAvatar.
Connect a server using a direct method
- Login/Register to ServerAvatar account, click the Create button from the right side of the screen, and select Server from the dropdown.
- Select Direct Method in the serve connecting method section.
- Type the Server Name as per your choice.
- Select a Tech Stack as per your need. You can either select Apache, Nginx, or OpenLiteSpeed.
- Select a Database: MySQL or MariaDB.
- Enable the toggle if you want to install the latest LTS version of node.js on your server.
- Select a Management plan and click the Connect Now button.
- You’ll see the command on your screen. Login to your server using an ssh connection and execute that command as a root user.
- The server connection process will be started on your ServerAvatar account after executing the command.
Connect a server using integration
- Login/Register to your ServerAvatar account, navigate to the Integration tab from the sidebar of the panel, and access Cloud Platform from the dropdown.
- Now Select a cloud platform you want to link with ServerAvatar.
- The popup form will appear on your screen. Enter details to link your cloud provider account. The integration method is different based on the cloud provider you select.
- You can integrate five different cloud provider platforms with ServerAvatar, which is-
Check the above link of cloud platforms to know more about integrating cloud platforms with ServeAvatar.
Connect a server using commands
Step 1. Login to your server using root user
Once you create a server as per your requirements, connect to your server using an ssh connection and execute the below three commands as a root user in your server console area.
wget https://srvr.so/install chmod +x install ./install
Step 2. Select a web server
It will ask you which web server you would like to install on your server: Apache, Nginx, or OpenLiteSpeed. Type anyone that you would like to install on your server and hit the enter button.
Step 3. Claim your server
Completing the process will give you a link to claim your server.
Open the link on your browser to access the ServerAvatar server panel.
Install and setup BookStack wiki software with ServerAvatar
Step 1. Create a PHP application
On the ServerAvatar server panel, navigate to the Applications tab and click the Create button like the following image.
1. Fill up basic details
In the first step of the application creation, fill in the basic details, including,** Application Name**, select the application type, and type Primary Domain/Test Domain Name.
If you want to host BookStack on your domain, then make sure to point your domain to the current IP address of your server, and for that:
- Log in to your domain provider site, where you buy your domain. Click here for more info about your domain name.
- Access DNS Manager to edit your DNS records(contact the support team if you don’t find them)
- Change the IP address of A Record of your website to the current server’s IP address. To host BookStack on your subdomain, for example, bookstack.yourdomain.com, create a new application with the subdomain as your primary domain and follow the same procedure. For accessing BookStack on the subdomain, you need to add your subdomain on A Record that points to the current IP address of your server. To point to an IPV6 address, you would need to use an AAAA record.
Click the Next Step to continue.
2. Select an application creation method
BookStack is an open-source project. It can be available on GitHub, so you can directly clone the repository with Serveravatar. In this step-
- Select the Git method and GitHub as a service provider.
- Mark on Public repository.
- Type BookStack project URL from the GitHub BookStack project. you‘ll find it like in the following image.
- Enter the release branch name in the branch field.
- And. type the below commands in the deployment script.
cp .env.example .env composer install - -no-dev php artisan key:generate - -force
3. Allocate system user
Allocate a system user for your BookStack application. You can create a new system user or select an existing system user.
Click the Next Step button to continue.
4. Other options
Select a PHP version for your application, and set Custom Webroot as Public in the respective field.
Click the Next Step button.
5. Review your application details
Review your application details and click the Create Application button.
Upon creating an application, the repository can be successfully cloned to your application* Public_html* folder.
Step 2. Create BookStack Database
To create a database for the BookStack application, go to the server panel, navigate to the Database tab, and click the Create button like the following image.
On the next screen, fill up the database details, including -
- Database Name
- Database Username
- Database Password
Click the Create Database to continue.
Step 3. Delete the .env.example file and Update the Database Information and App URL
To delete the .env.example file, go to Application Panel>>File Manager And access the public_html folder. Now click the Show Hidden Files box. The .env.example file can be shown at the top of the files, like the following image.
Now open the .env file and update the details with the database we created in the above step. It includes- DB_DATABASE: Database Name DB_USERNAME: Database Username DB_PASSWORD: Database Password
After that, update the app URL just above the file's database information. Note that if you install SSL on your application, type https:// before your domain name; otherwise, type http:// in the code.
Step 4. Update the Database Schema
It is necessary to keep your database up to date. And for that, log in to your application using an SSH connection. You can see the credentials in the application dashboard like the following image.
Note: make sure the SSH connection toggle is enabled on your application.
Execute the following command in your terminal to log in to your application-
Now go to your application path using “cd Application_Name/public_html” and execute the following command.
php artisan migrate - -force
After the successful migration of the database, access the URL of your application in the web browser.
Step 5. Login to BookStack
Upon accessing the URL, the login page will appear. You can now log in using the default admin details email@example.com and password of password. You can change these details immediately after logging in for the first time.
You’ll see the admin screen like the following image upon logging in.
You can now perform administrative tasks to manage your documentation and knowledge base website.